Urban sprawl, increasing road traffic, provision of homes, jobs and infrastructure are pertinent problems that require addressing if contemporary society is always to become sustainable. This informative article reviews a job undertaken by UK architectural studio space workshops that seeks to discover these complaints. Focussing upon Gdansk, Poland housing can be used being a key medium to begin going through the related issues.
Initial investigations of the target District - Wrzeszcz, which sits in the northern section of Gdansk said that;
Poland gets the highest overcrowding rates in Europe among the population susceptible to poverty - currently 64.9%. (EU27 eurostats).
The common floor area for a property in Wrzeszcz in 50m.sq, yet around 30% of the available housing stock is occupied by 2 or more families.
Given its population and housing deficit Gdansk must deliver 25 homes per week or 1300 per year for the following 20 years to meet up with demand.
The Gdansk Government had $20,000,000 allocated in social housing subsidies for 2011 to build a targeted 700 homes.
700 homes divided by $20,000,000 allows for as much as $28,500 per home.
determined by a normal expense of construction at $900.00 per m.sq this means a property size of 31.5 m.sq - less space-consuming than the currently unacceptable average of 50m.sq.
- However, simply to meet demand they have to build 1300 homes annually.
1300 homes divided by $20,000,000 permits $15,571 per home - in the same average price of construction of $900.00 per m.sq this equates to a house sized just 17m.sq.
The above highlighted the extent this agreement typical delivery strategies to social housing were failing to give you a structure capable of delivering the targeted quantity of homes to the available funds. Areas of expense include the contractors construction costs. rising land values and developer profits (20% of the total construction costs).
Using this the problem was revealed; The best way to provide 1300 quality houses per year for one more 20 years for ?15,571 each.
A PROPOSAL. Based on a conventional delivery route the price tag on site alone exceeded the available funds per unit. Thus a different option was proposed to challenge this delivery model - a delivery model that could should;
remove developer profit.
reduce construction costs per m.sq.
remove land value from the equation.
delivery housing effective at comfortably accommodating an expanding family.
Firstly, a self build construction method was utilized so that you can remove developer costs. Drawing inspiration from your work of people like Walter Segal a form of timber framing originated as a possible easy, light material for basically trained future residents to use. Standard length components were chosen throughout to avoid cutting of materials, all joints are overlapping to get rid of the requirement for an advanced of accuracy in construction and many types of connections are created using bolts and screws allowing simple fixings which can be reversible at a later date if need be. Additionally, all component have a person's scale meaning no large machinery requiring skilled operation is essential on site throughout the build - perhaps the requirement of concrete pouring is negated through carefully considered (and sustainable) foundations.
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